For many enterprise businesses, every employee in the organization shares a few things in common. First, a hiring manager invited them to join the team via hiring and onboarding.
Second, the expectation exists that a supervisor will monitor and help improve the employee’s performance through regular reviews.
And finally, if and when an employee leaves, off-boarding procedures protect the organization from risk.
Nearly every enterprise business uses documented processes to manage the lifecycle of an employee’s entire tenure with the organization. But few apply the same rationale when it comes to acquiring and managing the tenure of cloud-based subscription software.
In the age of digital transformation, businesses need labor and software to thrive. And akin to human labor, when cloud-based subscription software (also known as software-as-a-service, or SaaS) exists in an organization in unmanaged fashion, it creates avoidable risk.
It’s Easy to Make a Bad Software Hire
Due to its low cost and ease of implementation, nearly anyone in an organization can “hire” or acquire software these days, not just IT teams. Industry analyst IDC says nearly 70 percent of all software application spending, including SaaS, now occurs outside of IT budgets.
But what if the approach for software acquisition mirrored the process for new hires? It means hiring managers would employ best practices based on subject matter experts. In this case, IT rather than HR.
Let’s take a walk through each stage of a SaaS application in an organization through the lens of a manager hiring an employee. In this way, we’ll demonstrate how creating application management lifecycle can deliver value and reduce risk.
Software Acquisition as a Hiring Decision
When hiring an employee, you fill a gap in your organization created by an employee’s departure or in anticipation of growth. Once you identify the specific need and post a job description, you can expect to choose from a number of qualified candidates.
The same principle can apply to new software acquisition. For most gaps, multiple candidates may apply to fulfill the role you’re seeking to hire for. But finding the right fit is especially important. Just like the interview process, ask lots of questions to suss out the best candidate for your needs.
You also need to pre-qualify and vet new tools to prevent undue risk. Would you hire an employee without a background check? Do the same for your SaaS tools. An IT security audit represents the correlation to a background check. Ask the software vendor to provide customer referrals.
Know Who’s Doing the Hiring
Companies don’t allow just anyone to hire new employees. Don’t let just anybody acquire SaaS, either.
Shadow IT typically grows due to the acquisition of low-cost software by individual teams or employees without a centralized strategy.
Individually, these tools or applications may not cost much, but cumulatively across an enterprise-sized company, they can create millions in unplanned spending.
For example, according to Zylo data, the average company underestimates its total application count by two to three times.
Build a Better Hiring Process
For Zylo customers, a step toward reducing shadow IT acquisition comes from identifying rogue software throughout the organization. Zylo’s discovery process reveals the presence of the application as well as its attributes, including ownership.
After all applications and owners have been discovered, the next step involves mitigating unplanned software acquisition. This process may include designating which employees retain permission to acquire new software or prohibiting employee-based acquisition entirely.
Creating software review board or central review process represents another strategy. A review process ensures that new apps entering the organization meet financial, legal, security and compliance requirements, and do not duplicate existing software functions.
Review Saas Performance Regularly
You’ve selected your new software. It’s been on-boarded, integrated, and deployed to your workforce. Fast forward several months: Is the tool still executing as planned? Is it performing effectively?
In the case of an employee, a regular performance review by a supervisor helps answer this question. For many organizations, there is not a similar performance review process for cloud-based software. But many organizations could drive improved SaaS management by regularly monitoring the pulse of SaaS tool performance.
When enterprise customers deploy Zylo’s SaaS management platform, they also meet regularly with a Zylo SaaS consultant to discuss application performance. This includes highlighting end-user adoption and utilization data to indicate when and how frequently the application is being used.
On average, 40 percent of enterprise applications are inactive or underutilized. By adopting a SaaS application lifecycle management approach that examines application utilization on a regular basis, much like an employee performance review, small issues can be addressed before they become larger issues.
Related: 5 SaaS Benchmarks for Collaboration
Exiting the Organization
As it turns out, the comparison that managing employees and SaaS applications are similar requires an adjustment. Because SaaS applications are subscription based with set renewal dates, they behave more similarly to contractors or temp employees than full-time hires.
One benefit of a temporary hire’s contract is the ability to allow it to expire if the relationship isn’t working effectively. The contract expires, the temporary hire moves on, no longer a part of the organization. On the other hand, if the temp or contractor performs well or exceeds expectations, their contract can be renewed
Yet, within this lens, many companies miss the opportunity to offboard SaaS applications, even when they’ve outlasted their usefulness. Enterprise organizations who work with Zylo process about two renewals every business day. The vast majority of these applications require at least 30 days notice to prevent automatic renewal, which underscores why it’s critical to develop an application’s renewal plan well ahead of the actual renewal data is critical.
Appropriate Notice, Informed Decisions
Can you imagine a temporary or contract worker sticking around once their term had expired because you failed to notify them their contract would not be renewed?
Building a renewal calendar helps manage this portion of the SaaS application lifecycle. This helps application owners stay informed of notification periods. With a calendar in place, applications owners can make informed decisions based on application performance data to continue “employing” an application or to give it walking papers.
As an increasing number of organizations embrace the benefits of SaaS applications – lower cost, ease of use, and limited commitments – they also become increasingly aware of some of the drawbacks. These include their role in creating shadow IT, lack of built-in governance, and their contribution to unplanned spending.
By approaching SaaS applications in the organization in a manner that embraces a natural lifecycle with an emphasis on process – similar to how employees’ tenures are managed and administered with best practices – organizations can continue to tap their potential and minimize their risk.
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